Home

City of York
West Yorkshire
Yorkshire Dales
South Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
Yorkshire Coast
Howardian Hills AONB
Nidderdale AONB
North York Moors
East Yorkshire
Teesdale


North Yorkshire

Aldborough
Roman Site

Askham Richard
Bedale
Bellerby
Cawood
Easby Abbey
Gargrave
Harrogate
Knaresborough
Leyburn
Markenfield Hall
Middleham
Middleham Castle
Mother Shipton's
Cave

Newby Hall and
Gardens

Norton Conyers
Pickering
Pickering Castle
Ravensworth
RHS Harlow Carr
Richmond
Richmond Castle
Ripon
Ripon Cathedral
Selby Abbey
Sinnington
Skipton
Skipton Castle
Snape
Spofforth Castle
Stanwick Iron Age Fort
St. Nicholas Gardens
Thirsk
Thorpe Perrow
Arboretum

Towton Battlefield
Wensley
Whorlton
The World of
James Herriot

Yarm


Aldborough Roman Site


OS grid reference:- SE 405 662


Aldborough, or Isurium as it was known to the Romans, was once the capital of the Brigantes tribe, the largest and most northerly Celtic tribe in Roman Britain. The Roman town marked the crossing of Dere Street, the Roman Road from York north to the Antonine Wall via Corbridge and Hadrian's Wall.

The town was founded in the late first century or early second century, when the Roman governor of Britain, Petillius Cerialis, launched an assault into the region from a new Roman fort at York. Once the tribe had been subjugated, Aldborough Roman Town was established as an administrative centre for controlling the population under Roman Rule. The Roman historian Tacitus recorded that Isuer was the seat of Venutius, king of the Brigantes who had usurped from power by his wife, Cartimandua and her lover Volucatus at the beginning of the first century.

Isurium had substantial buildings from an early period; probably by the early second century. Bank and ditch defences were added later. Stone walls and four gates were added in the mid third century. The visible remains are a small fraction of the Roman town.

Aldborough Roman Site consists of a stretch of the massive town wall with its defensive towers and two in-situ mosaic pavements, once part of a Roman townhouse.

Archaeological finds from the site are on display in the museum providing an insight into the lives of Roman civilians in its most northern capital. One corner of these defences is laid out amid a Victorian arboretum. The site's fascinating museum has an outstanding collection of Roman finds.

There are two superb mosaics, concealed within protective buildings, that are believed to have been constructed in the second or third century. Although now housed separately, they would originally have been contained in the same dwelling.

The first mosaic pictures a lion sitting under a tree, but this is somewhat damaged. It was discovered by accident in 1832 when a local innkeeper was burying a dead calf. The second was discovered in 1848 and is in near perfect condition, it bears an image of an eight sided star in the centre of the mosaic. A third mosaic was lifted from an adjacent part of the building, but the site has since been back-filled and this mosaic is now displayed in the museum.

Aldborough Roman Site is in the care of English Heritage.


Prehistoric and Roman Sites of Yorkshire

Historic Buildings



External Links

Cartimandua, Queen of the Brigantes